Long-term outcomes of coronary artery bypass grafting patients supported preoperatively with an intra-aortic balloon pump

Eli Hemo, Benjamin Medalion, Rephael Mohr*, Yossi Paz, Amir Kramer, Gideon Uretzky, Nachum Nesher, Dmitri Pevni

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective Most studies describing the outcome of coronary artery bypass grafting patients supported preoperatively with an intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) have reported early results. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the early and long-term results.

Methods Of 2658 isolated coronary artery bypass grafting procedures performed from 1996 to 2001, 215 were supported preoperatively with an IABP. The indications for IABP insertion were cardiogenic shock in 18 (8.4%), acute evolving myocardial infarction in 38 (17.7%), clinical instability in 84 (39.1%), and critical coronary lesions in 75 (34.9%).

Results Operative mortality was 12.6%. The mortality of the cardiogenic shock patients was greater (22.2%; P =.174). Logistic regression analysis showed patient age (odds ratio, 1.057; 95% confidence interval, 1.010-1.108) and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) time (odds ratio, 1.020; 95% confidence interval, 1.008-1.031) were associated with increased operative mortality. An increased number of bypass grafts had a protective effect (odds ratio, 0.241; 95% confidence interval, 0.113-0.515). The actual early mortality was lower than the logistic EuroSCORE calculated mortality (12.6% vs 32.8%, P <.0001). The mean follow-up was 8 ± 4 years. The Kaplan-Meier 10-year survival was 49%. The Cox adjusted overall (early and late) survival and major adverse cardiac events-free survival of the different IABP subgroups was similar. Cox analyses showed peripheral vascular disease, off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery, age, CPB time, female gender, and fewer bypass grafts were associated with decreased survival.

Conclusions In patients supported preoperatively with an IABP, better early and long-term results were strongly related to younger age, a shorter CPB time, and a greater number of bypass grafts. Avoiding the use of CPB (off pump) in these emergency cases is not recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1869-1875
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume148
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2014

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