Long-term outcomes in patients with advanced melanoma who had initial stable disease with pembrolizumab in KEYNOTE-001 and KEYNOTE-006

Omid Hamid*, Caroline Robert, Adil Daud, Matteo S. Carlino, Tara C. Mitchell, Peter Hersey, Jacob Schachter, Georgina V. Long, F. Stephen Hodi, Jedd D. Wolchok, Ana Arance, Jean Jacques Grob, Anthony M. Joshua, Jeffrey S. Weber, Laurent Mortier, Erin Jensen, Scott J. Diede, Blanca Homet Moreno, Antoni Ribas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Patients with melanoma and early stable disease (SD) with pembrolizumab have unclear prognosis. We present post hoc analyses of long-term outcomes for patients with early SD, partial response (PR) or complete response (CR) with pembrolizumab. Patients and methods: Patients who received pembrolizumab in the KEYNOTE-001 and KEYNOTE-006 studies and had SD, PR or CR at weeks 12 or 24 were included. Results: Of 294 patients in the week 12 analysis, 107 (36.4%) had SD at week 12, of whom 7 (6.5%) had a best overall response of CR, 43 (40.2%) had PR and 57 (53.3%) had SD. Forty-eight–month overall survival (OS) rates were 95.2%, 73.0% and 47.7%, respectively, for patients with CR, PR and SD at week 12. Similar results were observed in the 241 patients in the week 24 analysis. Forty-eight–month OS rates were 72.1% for patients with SD at week 12 followed by subsequent response and 75.0% for patients with PR at week 12 followed by no change in response or progression. Thirty-six–month and 48-month OS rates were 11.6% and not reached, respectively, for patients with SD at week 12 followed by progression before week 24. Conclusions: A substantial proportion of patients (46.7%) with early (week 12) SD with pembrolizumab achieved subsequent PR or CR. Patients with SD at week 12 and subsequent CR/PR had similar survival to those who maintained PR. In contrast, patients with SD at week 12 and subsequent progression had poor survival outcomes. These findings may guide treatment decisions for patients achieving early SD. Trial registration: Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT01295827 (KEYNOTE-001); NCT01866319 (KEYNOTE-006).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-402
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer
Volume157
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes

Funding

FundersFunder number
Bristol Myers Squibb and Sephora
National Cancer InstituteP30CA008748
National Cancer Institute
Merck Sharp and DohmeP30 CA008748
Merck Sharp and Dohme

    Keywords

    • Melanoma
    • PD-1
    • Pembrolizumab
    • Programmed death 1

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