Long-term outcomes and prognostic factors in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma and bone metastases

Omer Slook, Sigal Levy, Ilana Slutzky-Shraga, Gloria Tsvetov, Eyal Robenshtok, Ilan Shimon, Carlos Benbassat, Dania Hirsch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: This institutional study sought to retrospectively evaluate disease progression and survival of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) and bone metastases (BM) and to investigate variables predictive of better long-term outcomes. Methods: The Rabin Medical Center Thyroid Cancer Registry was searched for patients with bone-metastatic DTC. Variables including a patient’s gender and age, pathology of the thyroid tumor, and characteristics of BM were retrieved and analyzed in association with disease progression and mortality. Results: The cohort included 64 patients (48.4% female). Mean age at diagnosis was 62.1 ± 14.3 years; mean primary tumor size was 41 ± 30 mm. Overall, 60.4% had stage T3/T4 disease; 46.3% had extrathyroidal extension; 40% had lymph-node metastases. Histopathology yielded papillary and follicular DTC in 40.6% and 32.8% of patients, respectively, and poorly/intermediately differentiated carcinoma in 26.6%. BM were synchronous in 50%. Mean follow-up was 11 ± 9.6 years from DTC detection. The common first sites of BM detection were spine (46.9% of patients), pelvis (37.5%) and ribs (21.9%). Nineteen patients (29.7%) presented with multiple-site BM, of whom 15 (78.9%) had spinal metastases. After initial treatment, 62/64 patients had structural persistence, and at last follow-up, 57.8% had progressive disease. Overall, 54.7% of patients died, 71.4% of DTC. Improved long-term outcomes were associated with younger age, lower tumor stage, no extrathyroidal extension, bone-only metastases, and non-spinal BM. Younger age and non-spinal BM were the only independent predictors for improved survival. Conclusions: Selected patients with bone-metastatic DTC may achieve fair long-term outcomes. Spinal metastases are associated with disseminated skeletal spread and increased mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)427-437
Number of pages11
JournalEndocrine Practice
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2019

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