Long-term neurodevelopmental follow-up of children with congenital muscular torticollis

Mitchell Schertz*, Luba Zuk, Dido Green

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Congenital muscular torticollis is a common condition, but long-term neurodevelopmental follow-up is lacking. This study reports on neurodevelopmental outcome of 68 children, aged 7 to 9 years, with a history of congenital muscular torticollis, excluding children with torticollis due to other conditions. Thirty-eight children were examined for presence of neurodevelopmental disorders. Telephone interview data were available for an additional 30 children. Of those examined, 22/38 (57.9%) had or were at risk for a developmental disorder (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), developmental coordination disorder, language impairment, autistic spectrum disorder) on at least 1 of the assessments administered, 23/38 (60.5%) had received developmental treatment during childhood. One child, based on a telephone interview, had a history of developmental treatment. Therefore, 30/68 (44.1%) children of the total sample demonstrated a developmental delay/disorder, currently (22/68) or previously (8/68). Our findings suggest congenital muscular torticollis to be a significant risk factor for later neurodevelopmental conditions with disorders presenting at different stages of development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1215-1221
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Child Neurology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2013


  • ADHD
  • attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
  • developmental coordination disorder
  • torticollis


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