Long-term functional outcomes in israeli adults diagnosed in childhood with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Lutfi Jaber, Dafna Kirsh, Gary Diamond, Avinoam Shuper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic health problem with significant risk for long-term morbidity in adulthood. Objectives: We examined long-term outcomes of ADHD in a population-based sample of childhood ADHD cases prospectively assessed as adults. Methods: Long-term outcomes for 70 adults who were diagnosed with ADHD during childhood were examined and compared with data on the general population. Results: Most subjects admitted to persistence of ADHDrelated symptoms in adulthood, despite discontinuation of regular medical treatment and follow-up. Areas most severely affected by past and ongoing symptoms included driving performance and incidence of motor vehicle accidents, and rates of marriage stability over time. Relatively unaffected were occupational and academic achievements and military service. Conclusions: There is a need for outreach and better services for adults who were previously diagnosed with ADHD. This condition remains a marker of a certain degree of risk regarding marital stability, interpersonal relations and driving habits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)481-485
Number of pages5
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume17
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2015

Keywords

  • Adult outcome
  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • Choice of profession
  • Driving performance
  • Marital stability

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