Long Term Follow-Up of Dental Implants Placed in Autologous Onlay Bone Graft

Devorah Schwartz-Arad, Ronen Ofec, Galit Eliyahu, Angela Ruban, Nir Sterer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of autologous intraoral onlay bone grafting (OBG) in correlation with long-term survival rates of dental implants placed in the augmented bone. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on 214 patients who received a total of 633 dental implants placed in 224 autologous intraoral block OBG augmentations, combined with Bio-Oss - mixed with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and covered by platelet-poor plasma (PPP) - as scaffold, with a follow-up time up to 137 months (mean 39.9±30.9 months). Results: A total of 216 OBG cases were successful (96.4%), and most of the augmentations were uneventful (88.4%). Bone graft exposure was moderately associated with bone graft failure (χ2=3.76, p=.052). The healing period after implant placement was 4-6 months (mean 5.6±2.56). The majority of the 591 implants survived (93.4%). The cumulative survival rate of the implants was 83%. Conclusions: We suggest that augmentation of severely atrophied jaw bone through the placement of horizontal and/or vertical intraoral OBGs in combination with Bio-Oss saturated with PRP and covered by PPP should be considered a reliable, safe, and very effective surgical technique for obtaining high bone graft survival rate and high long-term implant survival rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)449-461
Number of pages13
JournalClinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Autologous bone
  • Bone augmentation
  • Bone grafting
  • Implant survival
  • Long-term survival

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