Long-term adjustment among Israeli war veterans: The role of attachment style

Rachel Dekel*, Zahava Solomon, Karni Ginzburg, Yuval Neria

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study examines the role of attachment in the long-term adjustment of Israeli veterans. The sample of participants comprised three groups of Israeli veterans who fought in the 1973 Yom Kippur War: 112 combat stress reaction (CSR) casualties, 98 veterans who received medals for bravery, and 189 controls. The CSR casualties reported higher levels of emotional distress than did participants in the two other groups. CSR veterans also showed the lowest levels of secure attachment characteristics. Additionally, the findings revealed different relationships between the avoidant style of attachment and emotional distress measures across the research groups. The implications of these findings are discussed according to two theoretical models of attachment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-152
Number of pages12
JournalAnxiety, Stress and Coping
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2004


  • Attachment
  • Csr casualties
  • Decorated veterans
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Wartime performance


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