Localized modes in quasi-two-dimensional Bose-Einstein condensates with spin-orbit and Rabi couplings

Luca Salasnich, Wesley B. Cardoso, Boris A. Malomed

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We consider a two-component pancake-shaped, i.e., effectively two-dimensional (2D), Bose-Einstein condensate coupled by the spin-orbit (SO) and Rabi terms. The SO coupling adopted here is of the mixed Rashba-Dresselhaus type. For this configuration, we derive a system of two 2D nonpolynomial Schrödinger equations (NPSEs), for both attractive and repulsive interatomic interactions. In the low- and high-density limits, the system amounts to previously known models, namely, the usual 2D Gross-Pitaevskii equation, or the Schrödinger equation with the nonlinearity of power 7/3. We present simple approximate localized solutions, obtained by treating the SO and Rabi terms as perturbations. Localized solutions of the full NPSE system are obtained in a numerical form. Remarkably, in the case of the attractive nonlinearity acting in free space (i.e., without any 2D trapping potential), we find parameter regions where the SO and Rabi couplings make 2D fundamental solitons dynamically stable.

Original languageEnglish
Article number033629
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Issue number3
StatePublished - 30 Sep 2014


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