Localization of random walks to competing manifolds of distinct dimensions

Raz Halifa Levi, Yacov Kantor, Mehran Kardar

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We consider localization of a random walk (RW) when attracted or repelled by multiple extended manifolds of different dimensionalities. In particular, we consider a RW near a rectangular wedge in two dimensions, where the (zero-dimensional) corner and the (one-dimensional) wall have competing localization properties. This model applies also (as cross section) to an ideal polymer attracted to the surface or edge of a rectangular wedge in three dimensions. More generally, we consider (d-1)- and (d-2)-dimensional manifolds in d-dimensional space, where attractive interactions are (fully or marginally) relevant. The RW can then be in one of four phases where it is localized to neither, one, or both manifolds. The four phases merge at a special multicritical point where (away from the manifolds) the RW spreads diffusively. Extensive numerical analyses on two-dimensional RWs confined inside or outside a rectangular wedge confirm general features expected from a continuum theory, but also exhibit unexpected attributes, such as a reentrant localization to the corner while repelled by it.

Original languageEnglish
Article number022108
JournalPhysical Review E
Issue number2
StatePublished - 8 Aug 2018


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