Purpose: The goal of this study is to evaluate the frequency and imaging features of lobular neoplasia (LN) diagnosed on MRI-guided biopsy, determine the upgrade rate to malignancy, and assess for any features that may be associated with an upgrade on surgical excision. Materials and methods: Research ethical board approved the review of consecutive patients with MRI-detected LN between January 2009 and December 2018 with differentiation between pure LN and LN with associated other high-risk lesions. The final outcome was determined by final pathology results from surgical excision or 24 months of follow-up. Appropriate statistical tests were used. Results: Out of 1250 MRI-guided biopsies performed, 76 lesions (6%) fulfilled the inclusion criteria and formed the study cohort. Of the 76 lesions, 54 (71%) were pure LN while the rest had coexistent high-risk lesion. Non-mass enhancement (NME) was the most common lesion type (62, 82%). Fifty-nine lesions (78%) were surgically excised, the other 17 had benign follow-up. Overall, 8 lesions (11%) were upgraded to malignancy on final pathology. Malignant outcome was associated with larger lesion size (5.5 versus 1.9 cm, P < 0.001) and a clumped NME pattern (75% versus 24%, P = 0.006). Lesion size and clumped NME remained significantly associated with upgrade on sub-analysis of the pure LN group. Conclusion: Larger lesion size and clumped NME are imaging findings associated with upgrade of LN diagnosed by MRI-guided biopsy. This may influence patient management in this clinical setting. Additional larger studies are needed to consolidate our results and to potentially detect additional factors associated with upgrade.
- Breast magnetic resonance imaging
- Breast MRI
- Breast neoplasm
- Invasive ductal carcinoma
- Lobular neoplasia