Liver disease in the talmud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Diseases of the liver have been of interest to physicians throughout the ages. There are references to hepatic diseases in ancient writings on medicine as far back as the Egyptian papyrii (1). In this article, I deal with the multiple references to the liver and liver disease that are found in the books of the Talmud. The areas discussed include anatomy, physiology, trauma, liver disease, jaundice, cholelithiasis, and hematemesis. The modes of therapy and their theory give an interesting perspective to Middle Eastern medicine 1,500 years ago.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-62
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1990


  • Hepatic disease
  • Judaism
  • Liver
  • Talmud


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