LIQUIDS, CRYSTALS AND LIQUID CRYSTALS.

Joel D. Brock, Robert J. Birgeneau, J. David Litster, Amnon Aharony

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

The article discusses the concepts developed to explain melting in two dimensions and multicritical phenomena in three dimensions, which led to the modeling of smectic liquid crystals. These models help in the understanding of such physical systems as rare as earth magnets, superconductors and biological systems. For many decades, physicists have realized that an intermediate state of matter is possible. In such a state the atoms or molecules are distributed at random, as in fluid or glass, but the system is orientationally anisotropic on a macroscopic scale, as in a crystalline solid. INSET: Smectic phases..
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-59
Number of pages8
JournalPhysics Today
Volume42
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 1989

Keywords

  • FUSION (Phase transformation)
  • LIQUIDS
  • LIQUID crystals
  • CRYSTALS
  • SUPERCONDUCTORS
  • FLUIDS
  • LIGHT sources

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