Lipoid pneumonia: A preventable form of drug-induced lung injury

E. Meltzer*, L. Guranda, M. Perelman, M. Krupsky, L. Vassilenko, Y. Sidi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


We report a case where recurrent "pneumonia" was eventually diagnosed as lipoid pneumonia in an elderly patient with cerebrovascular disease. The discontinuation of paraffin oil laxative led to clinical improvement. Lipoid pneumonia, a foreign body-type reaction to the presence of lipid within lung parenchyma, is probably underdiagnosed and underreported, and paraffin oil laxative is the main causative agent. Paraffin oil is marketed as a food additive, and no information about its hazards is provided to clinicians or patients. We suggest that a change in paraffin oil licensing may decrease the incidence of lipoid pneumonia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)615-617
Number of pages3
JournalEuropean Journal of Internal Medicine
Issue number8
StatePublished - Dec 2005


  • Lipid/radiography
  • Lipoid pneumonia
  • Mineral oil
  • Pneumonia
  • Tomography
  • X-ray computed


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