Linguistic bases of child language disorders.

Irena Botwinik-Rotem, Naama Friedmann

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Linguistics has been developed as a description of the internal knowledge of speakers about the rules of their native language. As such, it forms a powerful tool for detailed description, which results in more profound understanding of the process of language acquisition and of the fine line that is drawn between the spared and impaired abilities in language disorders. Linguistics is the science that aims to explore and reveal what people know when they speak and understand language. The prime change that the Chomskyan revolution brought, Generative Linguistics, was to shift the focus from normative sets of rules according to which people should speak to the description of the native speaker's intuitive knowledge of language. The generative linguist conceives of grammar as a set of rules that reflects native speakers' competence to utter or understand sentences in their language. Viewed from this perspective, the linguistic theory seeks to address four major questions: 1. What constitutes knowledge of language? 2. How is knowledge of language acquired? 3. How is knowledge of language put to use? 4. How does language break down? This chapter discusses Chomskyan linguistics as a way of understanding how language is understood and how it falters for those with language disorders. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)
Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationHandbook of child language disorders
EditorsRichard G. Schwartz
Place of PublicationNew York, NY, US
PublisherPsychology Press
Pages143-173
Number of pages31
ISBN (Print)1841694339, 9781841694337
StatePublished - 2009

Keywords

  • *Language Development
  • *Language Disorders
  • *Linguistics
  • *Psycholinguistics
  • Native Language

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