Linear accelerator radiosurgery for vestibular schwannoma

R. Spiegelmann*, Z. Lidar, J. Gofman, D. Alezra, M. Hadani, R. Pfeffer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

105 Scopus citations

Abstract

Object. The use of radiosurgery in the treatment of acoustic neuromas has increased substantially during the last decade. Most published experience relates to the use of the gamma knife. In this report, the authors review the methods and results of linear accelerator (LINAC) radiosurgery in 44 patients with acoustic neuromas who were treated between 1993 and 1997. Methods. Computerized tomography scanning was selected as the stereotactic imaging modality for target definition. A single, conformally shaped isocenter was used in the treatment of 40 patients; two or three isocenters were used in four patients who harbored very irregular tumors. The radiation dose directed to the tumor border was the only parameter that changed during the study period: in the first 24 patients who were treated the dose was 15 to 20 Gy, whereas in the last 20 patients the dose was reduced to 11 to 14 Gy. After a mean follow-up period of 32 months (range 12-60 months), 98% of the tumors were controlled. The actuarial hearing preservation rate was 71%. New transient facial neuropathy developed in 24% of the patients and persisted to a mild degree in 8%. Radiation dose correlated significantly with the incidence of cranial neuropathy, particularly in large tumors (≥ 4 cm3). Conclusions. Single-isocenter LINAC radiosurgery proved to be an effective treatment for acoustic neuromas in this series, with results that were comparable with those reported for gamma knife radiosurgery and multiple isocenters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-13
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neurosurgery
Volume94
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acoustic neuroma
  • Linear accelerator
  • Radiation dose
  • Radiosurgery
  • Vestibular schwannoma

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