Line-of-Sight Millimeter-Wave Communications Using Orbital Angular Momentum Multiplexing Combined with Conventional Spatial Multiplexing

Yongxiong Ren, Long Li, Guodong Xie, Yan Yan, Yinwen Cao, Hao Huang, Nisar Ahmed, Zhe Zhao, Peicheng Liao, Chongfu Zhang, Giuseppe Caire, Andreas F. Molisch, Moshe Tur, Alan E. Willner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Line-of-sight wireless communications can benefit from the simultaneous transmission of multiple independent data streams through the same medium in order to increase system capacity. A common approach is to use conventional spatial multiplexing with spatially separated transmitter/receiver antennae, for which inter-channel crosstalk is reduced by employing multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) signal processing at the receivers. Another fairly recent approach to transmitting multiple data streams is to use orbital-angular-momentum (OAM) multiplexing, which employs the orthogonality among OAM beams to minimize inter-channel crosstalk and enable efficient (de)multiplexing. In this paper, we explore the potential of utilizing both of these multiplexing techniques to provide system design flexibility and performance enhancement. We demonstrate a 16 Gbit/s millimeter-wave link using OAM multiplexing combined with conventional spatial multiplexing over a short link distance of 1.8 meters (shorter than Rayleigh distance). Specifically, we implement a spatial multiplexing system with a 2 × 2 antenna aperture architecture, in which each transmitter aperture contains two multiplexed 4 Gbit/s data-carrying OAM beams. A MIMO-based signal processing is used at the receiver to mitigate channel interference. Our experimental results show performance improvements for all channels after MIMO processing, with bit-error rates of each channel below the forward error correction limit of 3.8 × 10-3. We also simulate the capacity for both the 4 × 4 MIMO system and the 2 × 2 MIMO with OAM multiplexing. Our work indicates that OAM multiplexing and conventional spatial multiplexing can be simultaneously utilized to provide design flexibility. The combination of these two approaches can potentially enhance system capacity given a fixed aperture area of the transmitter/receiver (when the link distance is within a few Rayleigh distances).

Original languageEnglish
Article number7880700
Pages (from-to)3151-3161
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2017


  • Millimeter-wave communications
  • multiple-input multiple output system
  • orbital angular momentum
  • spatial multiplexing


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