This chapter reviews the literature regarding loneliness in relation to the Model of Depression and Loneliness (MODEL) theoretical framework. The relationship between loneliness in old age and 1) demographic characteristics (age, marital status, gender, etc.), 2) personal characteristics (e.g., health, cognitive function, and psychological attributes), 3) environmental characteristics (e.g., social support, social network), 4) outcomes (morbidity, mental health, and mortality) is examined. Cross sectional findings, and longitudinal trends in and predictors of loneliness, are presented separately. Loneliness from a cross cultural perspective and implications for interventions are discussed.
|Title of host publication||Social Determinants and Mental Health|
|Publisher||Nova Science Publishers, Inc.|
|Number of pages||12|
|State||Published - 2011|