Lesion Topography Impact on Shoulder Abduction and Finger Extension Following Left and Right Hemispheric Stroke

Silvi Frenkel-Toledo, Shay Ofir-Geva, Nachum Soroker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The existence of shoulder abduction and finger extension movement capacity shortly after stroke onset is an important prognostic factor, indicating favorable functional outcomes for the hemiparetic upper limb (HUL). Here, we asked whether variation in lesion topography affects these two movements similarly or distinctly and whether lesion impact is similar or distinct for left and right hemisphere damage. Shoulder abduction and finger extension movements were examined in 77 chronic post-stroke patients using relevant items of the Fugl-Meyer test. Lesion effects were analyzed separately for left and right hemispheric damage patient groups, using voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping. In the left hemispheric damage group, shoulder abduction and finger extension were affected only by damage to the corticospinal tract in its passage through the corona radiata. In contrast, following the right hemispheric damage, these two movements were affected not only by corticospinal tract damage but also by damage to white matter association tracts, the putamen, and the insular cortex. In both groups, voxel clusters have been found where damage affected shoulder abduction and also finger extension, along with voxels where damage affected only one of the two movements. The capacity to execute shoulder abduction and finger extension movements following stroke is affected significantly by damage to shared and distinct voxels in the corticospinal tract in left-hemispheric damage patients and by damage to shared and distinct voxels in a larger array of cortical and subcortical regions in right hemispheric damage patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number282
JournalFrontiers in Human Neuroscience
Volume14
DOIs
StatePublished - 17 Jul 2020

Keywords

  • abduction
  • brain mapping
  • extension
  • finger
  • shoulder
  • stroke
  • upper extremity

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