Lesion configuration effect on stroke-related cardiac autonomic dysfunction

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Autonomic nervous system (ANS) malfunction is a common sequel of stroke. The impact of lesion configuration on the expression of stroke-related ANS malfunction is largely unknown. Objective: To examine the relationship between stroke location and ANS malfunction, as reflected in cardiac rhythm control. Methods: 25 patients in the subacute phase post first-ever ischemic stroke were recruited for the study. Heart rate monitor (RS800CX) was used to record RR intervals analyzed as heart rate variability (HRV) parameters. Lesion data derived from follow-up CT scans of the brain was used for voxel-based lesion symptom mapping (VLSM) analysis (MEDx software, Medical Numerics) to identify voxels of the normalized brain where damage exerts a significant impact on the HRV scores. Results and conclusion: ANS control of the cardiac rhythm, as expressed in the HRV, was affected by damage to a large array of cortical and subcortical structures in the right hemisphere. In the left hemisphere only damage confined to a small set of subcortical structures was shown to exert a significant impact on the recorded HRV measures. In addition, VLSM analysis disclosed a different pattern of cerebral control over two widely used standard time-dependent measures of the HRV – SDNN and RMSSD, with the former being sensitive to damage in a much larger array of structures in both hemispheres.

Original languageEnglish
Article number146711
JournalBrain Research
Volume1733
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Apr 2020

Keywords

  • Autonomic nervous system
  • Cardiac rhythm control
  • Heart rate variability
  • Stroke
  • Voxel-based lesion symptom mapping (VLSM)

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