Les spermatozoides immobiles frais ou decongeles en fecondation assistee

Translated title of the contribution: Immobile fresh or frozen-thawed spermatozoa in assisted fertilization

Yigal Soffer*, Deborah Strassburger, Shevach Friedler, Sarita Kaufman, Anna Umanski, Arié Raziel, Raphaël Ron-El

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Contrasting with sperm count or morphology, complete lack of mobile sperm may seriously impair ICSI fertilization and pregnancy rate. In three cases with flagellar skeleton abnormalities [dynein arm absence] only immobile sperm were found in the ejaculate. Following repeated ejaculations, higher rates of viable spermatozoa and even some motile spermatozoa could be found. Some times, in nonobstructive azoospermia, extensive sperm search didn't allow us to find but immobile sperm mostly, with very few motile sperm cells, not enough for the microinjection of all oocytes. The third group of immobile sperm is iatrogenic, following freezing and thawing surgically retrieved, testicular or epididymal spermatozoa in order to avoid repeated surgical retrieval. Following thawing, one find frequently very few motile spermatozoa that may be not enough for all retrieved oocytes and it might be necessary to inject some eggs with immobile spermatozoa. The outcome of ICSI using mobile and immobile sperm was compared in the three above mentioned groups: 1- immobile ejaculated sperm with flagellar defects, 2- immobile sperm discovered in the ejaculate after extensive sperm search and 3- immobile frozen-thawed testicular or epididymal spermatozoa. The results of ICSI in these groups show that fertilizing ability of fresh or frozen-thawed immobile spermatozoa is not significantly different from ICSI with mobile sperm from the same origin. More over, in the first group with flagellar abnormalities, repeated ejaculations allowed us significantly increase sperm viability and fertilization ability. Finding only immobile fresh or frozen- thawed sperm the day of egg retrieval should not lead us to ICSI cancellation. Pregnancies may occur with such immobile sperm.

Translated title of the contributionImmobile fresh or frozen-thawed spermatozoa in assisted fertilization
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)411-419
Number of pages9
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1999


  • Assisted fertilization [ICSI]
  • Azoospermia
  • Extensive Sperm search
  • Fertilization rate
  • Flagellar abnormalities
  • Immobile sperm
  • Necrozoospermia
  • Pregnancy rate
  • Sperm cryopreservation and thawing
  • Sperm surgical retrieval


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