Les distorsions de l'information relative à la R&D et leurs répercussions

Translated title of the contribution: R&D reporting biases and their consequences

Baruch Lev*, Bharat Sarath, Theodore Sougiannis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The immediate expensing of research and development (R&D) expenditures is often justified by the conservatism principle. However, no accounting procedure consistently applied can be conservative throughout the firm's life. We therefore ask the following questions: (1) When is the expensing of R&D conservative and when is it aggressive, relative to R&D capitalization? (2) What are the capital-market implications of these reporting biases? To address these questions we construct a model of profitability biases (differences between reported profitability under R&D expensing and capitalization) and show that the key drivers of the reporting biases are the differences between R&D growth and earnings growth (momentum), and between R&D growth and return on equity (ROE). Companies with a high R&D growth rate relative to their profitability (typically early life-cycle companies) report conservatively, while firms with a low R&D growth rate (mature companies) tend to report aggressively under current generally accepted accounting principles. Our empirical analysis, covering the period 1972-2003, generally supports the analytical predictions. In the valuation analysis we find evidence consistent with investor fixation on the reported profitability measures: we detect undervaluation of conservatively reporting firms and overvaluation of aggressively reporting firms. These misvaluations appear to be corrected when the reporting biases reverse from conservative to aggressive and vice versa. This evidence is consistent with behavioral finance arguments about investor cognitive biases.

Translated title of the contributionR&D reporting biases and their consequences
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)977-1026
Number of pages50
JournalContemporary Accounting Research
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Financial reporting biases
  • Market valuation
  • Mispricing
  • R&D

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'R&D reporting biases and their consequences'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this