Learning difficulties and loneliness in college and beyond: The mediating role of self-efficacy, proactive coping, and hope

Tamar Icekson, Oranit Davidson Begerano, Michal Levinson, Jenny Savariego, Malka Margalit*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Following the conservation of resources, social-cognitive and hope theories, the goals of this study were to identify the role of self-efficacy, proactive coping, and hope as mediators in the relations between learning difficulties and loneliness distress. A questionnaire was sent to current and past students. The sample consisted of 498 participants. The results demonstrated that individuals with learning difficulties reported higher levels of loneliness compared with individuals without learning difficulties. Moreover, self-efficacy, proactive coping, and hope mediated the relations between levels of learning difficulties and loneliness. Specifically, the final model emphasized the important role of hopeful beliefs, since hope mediated the relations between learning difficulties, self-efficacy, and proactive coping with loneliness. In terms of practical implications, professionals’ awareness as well as psychoeducational programs could be tailor-made to enhance hopeful beliefs and reduce loneliness.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10508
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume18
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Hope
  • Learning difficulties
  • Loneliness
  • Proactive coping
  • Self-efficacy

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