Learned helplessness and the pediatric burn patient: dressing change behavior and serum cortisol and beta-endorphin

C K Kavanagh, E Lasoff, Y Eide, R Freeman, M McEttrick, R Dar, R Helgerson, J Remensynder, N Kalin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-63
Number of pages29
JournalAdvances in Pediatrics
StatePublished - 1991


  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior
  • Bandages
  • Burns/blood
  • Child
  • Child Behavior/psychology
  • Child, Hospitalized/psychology
  • Child, Preschool
  • Clinical Protocols
  • Depression/etiology
  • Humans
  • Hydrocortisone/blood
  • Infant
  • Narcotics/therapeutic use
  • Pain/drug therapy
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • beta-Endorphin/blood

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