Learnable low rank sparse models for speech denoising

Pablo Sprechmann, Alex Bronstein, Michael Bronstein, Guillermo Sapiro

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

In this paper we present a framework for real time enhancement of speech signals. Our method leverages a new process-centric approach for sparse and parsimonious models, where the representation pursuit is obtained applying a deterministic function or process rather than solving an optimization problem. We first propose a rank-regularized robust version of non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) for modeling time-frequency representations of speech signals in which the spectral frames are decomposed as sparse linear combinations of atoms of a low-rank dictionary. Then, a parametric family of pursuit processes is derived from the iteration of the proximal descent method for solving this model. We present several experiments showing successful results and the potential of the proposed framework. Incorporating discriminative learning makes the proposed method significantly outperform exact NMF algorithms, with fixed latency and at a fraction of it's computational complexity.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2013 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2013 - Proceedings
Pages136-140
Number of pages5
DOIs
StatePublished - 18 Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes
Event2013 38th IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2013 - Vancouver, BC, Canada
Duration: 26 May 201331 May 2013

Publication series

NameICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings
ISSN (Print)1520-6149

Conference

Conference2013 38th IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2013
Country/TerritoryCanada
CityVancouver, BC
Period26/05/1331/05/13

Keywords

  • Audio denoising
  • neural networks
  • parsimonious models
  • source separation

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