Background: Combination of particulate grafts and collagen membranes is widely used for augmentation of bony defects for implant placement. Fixation of the barrier membrane may avoid complications due to unfavorable mechanical properties and poor stability leading to collapse of the augmented area. Purpose: To evaluate a new simplified method for resorbable collagen membrane fixation in lateral bone augmentation procedures in narrow posterior mandibles. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study analyzed 16 procedures performed in 15 patients who followed lateral ridge augmentation procedures before implant placement in the posterior mandible. A particulate mineralized bone allograft was covered with a cross-linked resorbable collagen barrier membrane, which was fixated with a single, nonresorbable pin. Complications were registered and results analyzed on pre and post op measurements on computerized tomographic scans. Descriptive statistical analysis and ANOVA with repeated measures were performed. Results: No complications were recorded. Average bone gain was 3.3 mm at implant platform level and 4.29 mm at 3 mm apically, both, statistically significant. All sites had sufficient bone width allowing implant placement. Thirty-three implants placed in the augmented areas, integrated and survived for over a 2-year follow-up. Conclusion: The simplified membrane fixation procedure enables large horizontal bone gain with minimal complications while allowing adequate implant placement.
- alveolar ridge reconstruction
- bone allograft
- bone augmentation
- bone grafting
- clinical study