The enhanced locomotor and stereotypic responses of the rat to repeated amphetamine (AMPH) administration are considered to be an animal model of positive schizophrenic symptoms. In contrast, behaviors observed during withdrawal from repeated AMPH are believed to model depression or anxiety. In the present study, the authors tested whether AMPH withdrawal might also elicit behaviors consistent with animal models of schizophrenia, specifically, disruptions in latent inhibition (LI) of 2-way active avoidance and prepulse inhibition (PPI) of startle. Rats treated with escalating doses of AMPH (6 days, 1-5 mg/kg ip) or saline were tested for LI and PPI during withdrawal. LI was eliminated by prior AMPH treatment in rats tested at 4, 13, and 28 days of withdrawal. In contrast, PPI did not differ between AMPH and control groups. These results support an interrelationship between repeated-AMPH and LI-disruption, but not PPI-disruption, models of schizophrenia.