Latent inhibition as a function of schizotypality and gender: Implications for schizophrenia

R. E. Lubow, Gonzalo De La Casa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In three within-subject experiments, we demonstrated that preexposure to an irrelevant stimulus interfered with performance when that stimulus subsequently predicted the correct location of a target stimulus. This latent inhibition-like effect (LI) was manifest in response time measures, but not errors. As with other related paradigms, LI was a function of an interaction between schizotypy-level and gender. Low schizotypal females and high schizotypal males exhibited significant LI, while high schizotypal females and low schizotypal males failed to produce LI effects. The results, similar to findings with schizophrenic patients, suggest a sexual dimorphism of cognitive dysfunction in schizophrenia, particularly in regard to the processing of irrelevant stimuli.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-86
Number of pages18
JournalBiological Psychology
Volume59
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Attention
  • Gender
  • Latent inhibition
  • Schizophrenia
  • Schizotypy

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Latent inhibition as a function of schizotypality and gender: Implications for schizophrenia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this