Late Pleistocene human genome suggests a local origin for the first farmers of central Anatolia

Michal Feldman, Eva Fernández-Domínguez, Luke Reynolds, Douglas Baird, Jessica Pearson, Israel Hershkovitz, Hila May, Nigel Goring-Morris, Marion Benz, Julia Gresky, Raffaela A. Bianco, Andrew Fairbairn, Gökhan Mustafaoğlu, Philipp W. Stockhammer, Cosimo Posth, Wolfgang Haak, Choongwon Jeong*, Johannes Krause

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Anatolia was home to some of the earliest farming communities. It has been long debated whether a migration of farming groups introduced agriculture to central Anatolia. Here, we report the first genome-wide data from a 15,000-year-old Anatolian hunter-gatherer and from seven Anatolian and Levantine early farmers. We find high genetic continuity (~80–90%) between the hunter-gatherers and early farmers of Anatolia and detect two distinct incoming ancestries: an early Iranian/Caucasus related one and a later one linked to the ancient Levant. Finally, we observe a genetic link between southern Europe and the Near East predating 15,000 years ago. Our results suggest a limited role of human migration in the emergence of agriculture in central Anatolia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1218
JournalNature Communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2019


FundersFunder number
Institute for Field Research
Irene Levi Sala CARE Foundation
LJMU Faculty of Science
Wenner-Gren Foundation
National Geographic Society8625/09
British AcademyLRG 35439, BR100077
British Institute at Ankara
University of Oxford
Australian Research CouncilDP120100969, DP0663385, GEFNE 1-11
Australian Institute of Nuclear Science and EngineeringAINGRA05051, AINGRA10069
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft80 1599/14–1
Israel Science Foundation755/07, 1161/10, 558/04, 840/01
Liverpool John Moores University


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