Laser processing of Ti composite coatings reinforced with hydroxyapatite and bioglass

Vaibhav Chalisgaonkar, Mitun Das, Vamsi Krishna Balla*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Composite coatings of titanium reinforced separately with hydroxyapatite (HAp) and bioglass (BG) were deposited on titanium substrate using Laser Engineered Net Shaping (LENS™). The microstructure, phase constituents, in vitro electrochemical, tribological and biological properties of these composite coatings deposited using different laser powers was studied. The composite coatings showed several reaction products such as Ca 2 P 2 O 7 , CaTiO 3 , Na 2 Ca 2 Si 3 O 9 due to high temperature interaction of HAp and BG with Ti. The average top surface hardness of the Ti substrate was 148 ± 5 HV and that of the composite coatings was between 720 and 740 HV. As a result, the composite coatings exhibited significant increase in the in vitro wear resistance. The incorporation of HAp and BG in Ti increased the corrosion current, possibly due to the presence of residual stresses, but shifted the corrosion potential towards noble direction due bioactive reinforcements. In vitro proliferation of mouse embryonic fibroblast cells (NIH3T3) was found to be more on composite coatings than on titanium substrate demonstrating their superior cell-materials interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-143
Number of pages10
JournalAdditive Manufacturing
StatePublished - Mar 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Bioactive glass
  • Biocompatibility
  • Composite coating
  • Corrosion
  • Hydroxyapatite
  • Laser surface modification
  • Wear


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