In standard techniques for performing ventriculoperitoneal shunts, the peritoneal catheter is threaded more or less blindly into the peritoneal cavity. Using laparoscopic techniques allows accurate peritoneal placement, without a large incision, even in replacement procedures and in patients with previous abdominal operations. We performed 28 laparoscopically guided ventriculoperitoneal shunt placements and shunt revisions in 24 patients with hydrocephalus (aged 6-80 years). Sixteen of 24 patients (67%) had previous abdominal surgery. Laparoscopic shunt placement was successful in all patients. Mean operative time was 63 ± 34.9 minutes (range 15-150 minutes). In 2 patients, broken and disconnected distal parts of previously inserted shunts were removed from the abdomen. One shunt was removed following infection and other one was revised due to shunt malfunction. Three patients required revision of the cranial part of the shunt. Laparoscopically guided distal ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement provides definite patient benefits: it allows shunt placement under direct vision, associated with reduced trauma to the abdominal wall, and avoids a consequent risk of intra-abdominal adhesions.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy and Percutaneous Techniques|
|State||Published - Oct 2004|
- Ventriculoperitoneal shunt