Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy as a revisional option after gastric band failure

David Goitein*, Anya Feigin, Gabriella Segal-Lieberman, Orly Goitein, Moshe Zvi Papa, Dov Zippel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is an effective bariatric procedure with low morbidity and mortality. Unfortunately, it is fraught with high failure rates in long-term follow-up. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is an emerging procedure, quickly gaining momentum in the arsenal of bariatric practice as a first step toward gastric bypass/biliopancreatic diversion or as a stand-alone operation. Recently, it has been described as a revisional option for previous bariatric surgery failures. We report our early experience with LSG as a revisional procedure for failed LAGB. Methods: From January 2007 to April 2010, 46 patients, who had undergone LAGB, underwent LSG. Patient demographics, reason for band removal, interval between removal and LSG, operative times, estimated blood loss, complications, length of hospital stay, and percent of excess weight loss were collected. Results: Of the 46 patients, 20 (43%) had their bands removed before LSG (median time interval, 2 years; range, 2 months to 9 years); the rest had concomitant band removal and LSG. Twelve patients were men (26%). Mean age and BMI were 40 (range, 20-60) years and 43.1 kg/m2 (range, 33-57), respectively. In two cases, surgery was converted to an open procedure due to extensive adhesions related to previous surgeries. Median operative time, estimated blood loss, and length of hospital stay were 118 (range, 70-250) minutes, 41 (range, 5-600) ml, and 3 (range, 1-100) days, respectively. Major morbidity was encountered in three patients (6%; leak in 2 and bleeding in 1). There were no mortalities. Mean follow-up time for our cohort is 17 (range, 1-39) months. Percent of excess weight loss at 2, 6, 12, 24, and 36 months was 24, 37, 53, 51, and 48%, respectively. Conclusions: Our results suggest that LSG is safe, feasible, and effective as a revisional procedure for failed LAGB and can be considered as an appealing option in these cases. Larger series and longer follow-up are needed to confirm this.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2626-2630
Number of pages5
JournalSurgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques
Volume25
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bariatric
  • Clinical papers/trials/research
  • Obesity

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