Introduction The aim of this article was to report our experience with laparoscopic and retroperitoneoscopic nephrectomy in patients with xanthogranulomatous (XPG) pyelonephritis. Material and methods Between November 2002 and September 2010, 27 patients, with a mean age of 61.1 years (range 43-85), underwent laparoscopic nephrectomy for a unilateral nonfunctioning kidney, because of xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis. Patient’s data was collected retrospectively and included patient age, gender, intraoperative conversion rate, operative time, estimated blood loss, length of hospital stay, perioperative transfusion rate, renal function pre- and postoperatively and postoperative complications. Results Laparoscopic nephrectomy was successful in 26 patients. It was transperitoneal in 15 patients, retroperitoneal in 11 patients and in one patient the operation was initiated as retroperitoneal and converted to transperitoneal. One conversion to open surgery was needed. The mean operative time was 193.6 minutes (range 123-340). The mean estimated blood loss was 223.5 ml (range 30-1000). The mean hospital stay was 4.8 days (range 3-12). The transfusion rate was 29.6%. Serum creatinine was 1.3 mg/dl the day before and the day after the operation. Major complications occurred in patients (11.1%). Conclusions Laparoscopic nephrectomy should be considered as an initial approach for XGP. The indications for laparoscopic nephrectomy should be extended to these patients.
- Laparoscopic nephrectomy
- Renal surgery
- Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis