Laparoscopic management of ureteral lesions in gynecology

Carlo De Cicco, Ron Schonman, Marleen Craessaerts, Ben Van Cleynenbreugel, Anastasia Ussia, Philippe Robert Koninckx

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the outcome of laparoscopic repair of ureteral injury in laparoscopic gynecologic surgery. Design: Prospective trial. Setting: University hospital. Patient(s): Forty patients with a ureteral lesion in laparoscopic surgery between 1991 and 2007. Intervention(s): Laparoscopic ureteral repair, laparoscopic-assisted or blind stent insertion. Main outcome measure(s): Treatment outcome of ureteral lesion analyzed by type of injury, time of diagnosis, and management. Result(s): In 4,350 consecutive laparoscopic gynecologic interventions, 42 lesions occurred, 5 during hysterectomy, 1 during adnexectomy, and 36 during deep endometriosis surgery. In the latter group (n = 1,427), the incidence was 1.5% and 21% in women without and with hydronephrosis, respectively. In eight women in whom a stent was inserted after surgery without laparoscopic guidance, five were uneventful and three needed a second intervention. In all 34 women in whom a laparoscopic repair over a stent was performed, the outcome was uneventful, whether diagnosed and treated during surgery (n = 25) or after surgery (n = 9). Conclusion(s): Laparoscopic repair over a stent was uneventful for all lacerations, transections, and fistulas, whether performed during or after surgery, and was superior to blind stent insertion. In women with hydronephrosis and deep endometriosis, a preoperative stent insertion seems to be mandatory.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1424-1427
Number of pages4
JournalFertility and Sterility
Volume92
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ureteral injury
  • endometriosis
  • gynecologic surgery
  • hysterecomy
  • laparoscopy
  • ureteral repair

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