Laparoscopic adrenalectomy has recently been shown to be a safe and effective procedure for treating a variety of benign adrenal tumors. Advanced age, with its concomitant comorbid conditions, has been believed to be associated with more postoperative complications in laparoscopic procedures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of laparoscopic adrenalectomy in patients age 65 and older. From June 1992 to February 1998, 14 patients (4 men and 10 women) with a mean age of 69 years underwent 17 laparoscopic adrenalectomies. In 12 procedures, a transperitoneal lateral decubitus flank approach was used. The lesion was a nonfunctioning adenoma in three patients, aldosterone adenoma in four, Cushing's syndrome in four, and pheochromocytoma in one. A retroperitoneal lateral decubitus approach was used in five procedures. The lesion was a nonfunctioning adenoma in one patient, aldosterone adenoma in one, Cushing's adenoma in one, and pheochromocytoma in two. Seventy-eight percent of these patients had comorbid conditions, including hypertension, diabetes, chronic obstructive airway disease, coronary artery disease, and cardiac dysrhythmia. The preoperative physical status was as ASA Class II in 11 patients and ASA III in 3. Two of the 17 laparoscopies were converted to open surgery (11%), in one because of difficulties in dissecting extraperitoneally a mass >8 cm, and in the other because of difficulties in localization of a 3-cm mass. The median surgical time was 95 ± 33 minutes. The mean analgesia requirements were 3 doses of (range 2-7) ketorolac. There were no deaths. Postoperative morbidity consisted of pulmonary atelectasis in one patient and urinary tract infection in two patients. The median hospital stay was 3 days (range 2-4 days). We conclude that laparoscopic adrenalectomy in the elderly population is safe and offers low morbidity, fast recovery, and a short hospital stay. Age alone should not be a contraindication to treating adrenal tumors laparoscopically.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques - Part A|
|State||Published - Aug 1999|