Lactose-Containing Dry-Powder Inhalers for Patients with Cow’s Milk Protein Allergy—The Conundrum; A National Survey of Pediatric Pulmonologists and Allergologists

Ophir Bar-On*, Hagit Levine, Patrick Stafler, Einat Shmueli, Eyal Jacobi, Ori Goldberg, Guy Steuer, Dario Prais, Meir Mei-Zahav

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Several dry-powder inhalers (DPIs) contain lactose which may be contaminated with milk proteins. Confusion exists pertaining to DPI use in patients with cow’s milk protein allergy (CMPA). Methods: A computerized survey sent via e-mail to pediatric pulmonologists and allergologists. Results: A total of 77 out of 232 (33.2%) doctors replied, of whom 80.5% were pediatric pulmonologists. A total of 69 of 77 (89.6%) were specialists, 37.6% with more than 15 years of experience. The most commonly used DPIs were formoterol + budesonide and vilanterol + fluticasone. A total of 62 out of 77 (80.5%) responders knew these DPIs contained lactose. A total of 35 out of 77 (45.5%) doctors who replied did not know that DPI leaflets list CMPA as a contra-indication to DPI administration. Of these, 4 (11.4%) stated that they would instruct patients with CMPA to stop DPIs, and 7 (20%) would avoid recommending DPIs. A total of 42 out of 77 (54.5%) responders were aware of this warning, yet 13 of these 42 (30.9%) continued to recommend lactose-containing DPIs without hesitation and 18 of these 42 (42.8%) responders prescribed DPIs but considered allergy severity. Conclusions: Almost half of certified, experienced pediatric pulmonologists and allergologists were unaware of the warning to administer DPIs to patients with CMPA. Most doctors who do know of this warning still continue to prescribe these DPIs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7346
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume11
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • cow’s milk protein allergy
  • dry-powder inhalers
  • lactose

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