Label-Free cDNA Detection Based on Radiofrequency Scattering Parameters: A New Approach for an Inexpensive Gene Sensor

Rima Gnaim, Julia Sheviryov, Alexander Golberg, Gerardo Ames, Moshe Oziel, César A. González

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A new gene detection technique that is fast, inexpensive, and easy-to-use is urgently needed in hospitals, clinics, and laboratories without access to expensive equipments. The lack of a practical, minimally invasive, and economical method constitutes the main impediment to the promotion of genetic medicine in developing countries. Radiofrequency scattering parameters are an inexpensive gene sensor potentially capable of noninvasively identifying biological materials. They represent a quantitative value for the electromagnetic reflection/transmission characteristics of certain molecular markers in a given frequency domain. The S21 parameter is the difference between the signal received and that transmitted. The aim of this study is to evaluate the S21 transmittance parameters (magnitude and phase) as an indirect impedance measurement for detecting the label-free complementary deoxyribonucleic acid (cDNA) amplification of the 16S ribosomal subunit gene. S21 values showed differences associated with distinct cDNA concentrations. Hence, this technique could possibly facilitate the design of an inexpensive, label-free, and easy-to-use gene sensor.

Original languageEnglish
Article number014502 EN
JournalJournal of Medical Devices, Transactions of the ASME
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2020

Keywords

  • DNA
  • PCR
  • S parameter
  • gene sensor
  • impedance

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