LABAZ1: A metastatic tumor model for renal cell carcinoma expressing the carbonic anhydrase type 9 tumor antigen

Amnon Zisman, Allan J. Pantuck, Matthew H.T. Bui, Jonathan W. Said, Randy R. Caliliw, Nagesh Rao, Peter Shintaku, Frank Berger, Sanjiv S. Gambhir, Arie S. Belldegrun*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) tumor model xenograft that expresses the targetable, membrane-bound tumor-associated antigen carbonic anhydrase type 9 (CA IX) is described. The xenograft, established from a high-grade type-2 chromophil RCC (cRCC), has been serially transplanted in immune compromised mice, in which it grows orthotopically under the renal capsule, doubling its size every 9 weeks and sending metastases to the lung and liver at ∼20 weeks. Tumors were capable of being imaged using a micro-PET (micro-positron emission tomograph) with an 18-fluorodeoxyglucose (18-FDG) tracer. Subsequent xenograft generations have conserved immunohistochemical and ultrastructural properties typical for malignant renal epithelium-derived neoplasia (vimentin+, CK-19+, CA IX+ with hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α constitutive expression) and have demonstrated extensive proliferation, lack of apoptosis, severe genetic alterations, and molecular expression alterations; transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), proto-oncogene (c-met), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) C and D were overexpressed, whereas human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER)-2, MMP-2 and MMP-9, VEGF-R3, p53, and p27 were severely down-regulated, suggesting a proangiogenic environment, local invasiveness, and facilitated lymphatic metastasis. Altogether, LABAZ1 provides a relevant and flexible model to study the biology of cRCC, the role of CA IX in RCC tumorigenesis, progression, and metastasis, and a platform for testing new targeted therapeutic strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4952-4959
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Research
Volume63
Issue number16
StatePublished - 15 Aug 2003

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