The aim of this study is to assess a new tool for the diagnosis of acute pulmonary embolism (PE): single-photon emission computed tomography lung perfusion imaging associated with unenhanced computed tomography (SPECT/CT) compared to planar ventilation-perfusion (VQ) lung scintigraphy. Methods: One hundred and three patients with suspected acute PE underwent VQ scintigraphy (two scans were uninterpretable) followed by perfusion SPECT/CT. The two types of images were analysed separately: (1) according to the modified PIOPED scintigraphic criteria for VQ lung scan and (2) with regard to SPECT/CT mismatches suggestive acute PE (segmental perfusion defects detected on SPECT images not matched with CT abnormalities). Results: On average, the number of segmental perfusion defects per patient was higher with SPECT/CT than with planar scintigraphy (4.3 ± 3.6 versus 2.8 ± 2.6; p < 0.001). A mismatch was found with SPECT-CT in 0% (0/18) of normal scintigraphy, and 8% (3/39) for low, 32% (8/25) for intermediate and 74% (14/19) for high probabilities of PE at scintigraphy. The presence of a SPECT/CT mismatch was also associated with higher pretest probability of acute PE (p = 0.001), even for the 25 patients in the intermediate-probability subgroup (p = 0.02). Finally, a SPECT/CT match was found in 29 patients that was not suggestive of acute PE due to the presence, in areas with perfusion defects on SPECT images, of the following CT abnormalities: hypodensity and/or emphysema (71%), condensation or atelectasis (38%), pleural disease (7%), extrapulmonary structure (14%) and/or bronchial obstruction (7%). Conclusion: In patients with suspected acute PE, the results obtained with pulmonary SPECT/CT images are consistent with those obtained with VQ scintigraphy and the pretest probability of PE. Further studies comparing SPECT/CT imaging with angiographic techniques are now required to evaluate more specifically the diagnostic value of this new tool.
|Translated title of the contribution||SPECT/CT imaging of lung perfusion in the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism: Comparison with planar ventilation-perfusion lung scintigraphy|
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - Jun 2008|
- Hybrid imaging
- Pulmonary embolism