Manot 1 calvaria and recent modern human evolution: an anthropological perspective

Translated title of the contribution: Manot 1 calvaria and recent modern human evolution: an anthropological perspective

I. Hershkovitz*, B. Latimer, O. Barzilai, O. Marder

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The time range between 60 ka and 50 ka is one of the most dramatic phases in human biological evolution. In this period, the western part of Eurasia (Europe and the Near East) was populated by Neanderthals, whereas the eastern part (Central Asia and Siberia) was populated by Denisovans. However, by 30 ka, these two populations were replaced by anatomically modern humans (AMH). When did these newcomers arrive and from where? There is accumulating archaeological and genetic evidence suggesting that this demographic shift occurred at the end of MIS 4 [1–3]. Moreover, it is quite clear that a major dispersal of AMH out of Africa was the source of the new populations [4–7]. In this study, we examined specific morphological characteristics of Manot 1 (e.g., suprainiac fossa), and assessed their similarities to the corresponding traits found among Neanderthals. We will show that although the terminology is similar, the traits in each hominin group are of different entities. We also show that Manot 1 and Early Upper Palaeolithic skulls of Europe have many traits in common (e.g., suprainiac fossa, bunning), although Manot 1 is much more gracile. Finally, some of the archaic traits (e.g., suprainiac fossa) seen in Manot 1 can be traced to the Late Pleistocene Aduma skull (~79–105 ka) from Ethiopia or even Eyasi 1 (~200–400 ka) from Tanzania.

Translated title of the contributionManot 1 calvaria and recent modern human evolution: an anthropological perspective
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-130
Number of pages12
JournalBulletins et Memoires de la Societe d'Anthropologie de Paris
Volume29
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2017

Funding

FundersFunder number
Dan David Foundation
Irene Levi-Sala Care Archaeological Foundation
Israel Antiquities Austerities
Leakey Foundation
Case Western Reserve University
United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation
Israel Science Foundation338/14

    Keywords

    • Human evolution
    • Manot Cave
    • Modern human
    • Neanderthals
    • Out of Africa origin
    • Upper Palaeolithic

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