Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of women during pregnancy after bariatric surgery

Ariela Goldenshluger, Ram Elazary, Tair Ben Porat, Heba Geraisi Farhat, Gabriel Levin, Amihai Rottenstreich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Women of childbearing age constitute a substantial proportion of the patients who undergo weight loss procedures. However, little is known regarding attitudes and behaviors of women during pregnancy after bariatric surgery (BS). Objectives: We explored women's experience and behavior during pregnancy after BS. Setting: University hospital. Methods: A cross-sectional survey study was performed among women who underwent sleeve gastrectomy and delivered at our center. Results: Overall, 111 women completed the questionnaire (response rate 88.1%). The median surgery-to-conception interval was 34 (25–50) months. For 28 (25.2%) women, future pregnancy was a motivation for undergoing the weight loss procedure. Only 10 (9.0%) received contraceptive advice perioperatively. Oral contraception was the most commonly used method after surgery (n = 47, 42.3%). Pregnancy was reported as unintended by 37 (33.3%) women. Only 14 (12.6%) women stated receiving an explanation regarding the implications of BS on pregnancy outcomes. Rates of follow-up with maternal-fetal medicine specialists, bariatric surgeons, and dieticians during pregnancy were 36.0%, 9.0%, and 23.4%, respectively. Forty-four women (39.6%) felt follow-up throughout gestation was inadequate. Satisfaction from BS improved after pregnancy in 23 (20.7%) women, and 75 (67.6%) stated that they would recommend BS to a friend with obesity who plans to conceive in the future. Conclusions: Women reported insufficient knowledge regarding the expected outcomes of pregnancy after surgery, with low rates of medical and nutritional follow-up. Only a minority of respondents received contraceptive advice after surgery, and unintended pregnancies were common. These observations represent areas of improvement for following women of childbearing age who undergo weight loss procedures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)925-930
Number of pages6
JournalSurgery for Obesity and Related Diseases
Volume16
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bariatric surgery
  • Contraception
  • Family planning
  • Pregnancy
  • Reproductive health
  • Sleeve gastrectomy

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