Gait analysis of trans-tibial amputees brings to light asymmetries of different gait parameters between the amputated and sound legs. The present study investigated the activity of the vastus medialis and biceps femoris muscles during ambulation of trans-tibial amputees. Peak activities of the vastus medialis were reached similarly in both legs (6.06 ± 4.9% and 8.84 ± 3.6% of gait cycle, in the sound and amputated leg, respectively). Biceps femoris peak activities were reached at 92.43 ± 6.6% of gait cylce in the sound leg, and significantly later (at 9.81 ± 4.8% of gait cycle) in the amputated leg (p < 0.05). Integrated EMG activity ratios, between swing and stance periods, were similar for the vastus medialis (0.33 in the sound and 0.35 in the amputated leg). However, these ratios differed significantly for the biceps femoris since the amputated leg presented a substantial (p < 0.05) smaller ratio (0.22) compared with the sound leg (0.83). The use of prosthesis in trans-tibial amputees requires further activity of the biceps femoris during stance period to improve support of the amputated leg knee joint.
- Gait analysis
- Trans-tibial amputee