Kinetics of peritoneal protein loss during CAPD: I. Different characteristics for low and high molecular weight proteins

A. Kagan, Y. Bar-Khayim, Z. Schafer, M. Fainaru

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We studied the peritoneal protein loss in 13 patients during CAPD using 2 liters of 1.5% dextrose dialysis solutions. We compared the kinetic characteristics of the peritoneal mass transfer and clearance of proteins over a wide range of molecular size, to those of small molecular weight solutes. The peritoneal clearance of all studied proteins and solutes correlated strongly and negatively with their molecular mass. No changes were observed in these clearances during 58 months of dialysis. Unlike the peritoneal mass transfer and clearance of small molecular weight solutes (<200) which revealed a remarkable progressive drop after the first hour of an eight-hour dialysis cycle, the mass transfer and clearance of proteins of large molecular weight (>68,000) was continuous throughout the eight hours. The clearance of proteins of small molecular weight (<15,000) showed similar kinetics to small solutes (<200). These results indicate that long dwell times (6 or 8 hr) of peritoneal dialysis are detrimental for the loss of large molecular weight proteins (such as albumin and immunoglobulins) in view of the negligible dialysance of both small solutes (creatinine and potassium) and 'intermediate molecules' (represented by the small molecular weight proteins) during the latter hours of long dwell cycles. Thus we suggest that substituting CAPD (3 x 8 hr or 4 x 6 hr) with CCPD (6 x 1 hr) may limit protein loss in these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)971-979
Number of pages9
JournalKidney International
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

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