Kidney and urinary tract findings among patients with Kabuki (make-up) syndrome

Rona Merdler-Rabinowicz, Ben Pode-Shakked, Asaf Vivante, Einat Lahav, Maayan Kagan, Odelia Chorin, Raz Somech, Annick Raas-Rothschild*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Kabuki syndrome (KS) is a genetic disorder caused mainly by de novo pathogenic variants in KMT2D or KDM6A, characterized by recognizable facial features, intellectual disability, and multi-systemic involvement, including short stature, microcephaly, hearing loss, cardiac defects, and additional congenital anomalies. While congenital anomalies of the kidneys and urinary tract (CAKUT) are known manifestations of this disorder, studies focused solely on kidney involvement are scarce, and its prevalence is most likely underestimated. This study aimed to describe the prevalence and nature of CAKUT and other renal manifestations, in a cohort of KS patients followed at a single tertiary center. Methods: All patients who were evaluated at the Sheba Medical Center and received a clinical and/or molecular diagnosis of KS, over a 16-year period (2004–2020), were included. Digital medical records, including ultrasound studies, were reviewed by a team of pediatric nephrologists. Results: Thirteen patients were included in the study, at ages ranging from the neonatal period to 20 years. In eight patients, a pathogenic variant in KMT2D was established. CAKUT were detected in 8/13 (61.5%) of patients and varied from hypospadias, hydronephrosis, or double collecting systems to pelvic kidney, kidney asymmetry, horseshoe kidney, or kidney agenesis. One patient experienced kidney failure necessitating transplantation at 20 years of age. Conclusions: Our findings underscore the high prevalence of CAKUT and genitourinary involvement in patients with KS and suggest that assessment by pediatric nephrology specialists is warranted as part of the routine multidisciplinary evaluation of newly diagnosed patients. Graphical abstract: A higher resolution version of the Graphical abstract is available as Supplementary information[Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4009-4012
Number of pages4
JournalPediatric Nephrology
Volume36
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • CAKUT
  • KMT2D
  • Kabuki syndrome
  • Kidney disease
  • Renal anomalies

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