Kelly Punch Punctoplasty and Simple Punctal Dilatation Are Equally Effective for Punctal Stenosis: A Prospective Study

Ofira Zloto, Alon Weissman, Iris Moroz, Jonathan Weidenfeld, Guy Ben Simon, Oded Sagiv, Mordechai Rosner, Ayelet Priel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: To examine the clinical, imaging, and histopathologic differences between Kelly punch punctoplasty and punctal dilatation, both with mini Monoka stent insertion. METHODS: This is a prospective, comparative clinical study. Patients with bilateral punctal stenosis and for whom surgery was advised participated in the study. The right eye underwent Kelly punch punctoplasty and the left eye simple punctal dilatation, both with mini Monoka stents were participated. Data were collected and analyzed before and 3 months following the procedure and included the degree of epiphora (Munk score) and punctal size as measured by anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AC- OCT). All specimens removed by the Kelly punch punctoplasty were sent for histopathologic evaluation, including Masson's trichome muscle staining. RESULTS: The study included 46 eyes of 23 patients (4 males and 19 females) whose mean age at presentation was 60.43 ± 14.81 years (range 19-84 years). There was a significant decrease in the Munk score after both punctoplasties compared with baseline values (P < 0.01, matched pairs). There were no significant differences between groups in the delta Munk score. There was a significant increase in punctal size after both procedures compared with baseline values as measured by AS-OCT. Horner-Duverney's muscle was visible in only 3 of the 23 (13.04%) specimens from patients who underwent the Kelly punch punctoplasty. CONCLUSIONS: The Kelly punch punctoplasty and the simple dilator punctoplasty, both with stents, are equally effective treatments for epiphora due to acquired punctal stenosis. Only a few specimens removed during the Kelly punch method show muscle fibers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)546-550
Number of pages5
JournalOphthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Volume37
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2021

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