A male child, who presented at the age of 3.5 years with acute renal failure, was diagnosed as having partial deficiency of hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT; EC 220.127.116.11). The underlying HPRT mutation was unique in that the specific activity of HPRT in erythrocyte and in fibroblast lysates was normal, but the rate of uptake of hypoxanthine into nucleotides of intact cultured fibroblasts was markedly reduced (23% of normal). The low functioning of HPRT in the intact fibroblasts was associated with decreased utilization of endogenously generated hypoxanthine and with decreased utilization of the cosubstrate 5-phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphate (PRPP). The non-utilized hypoxanthine was excreted into the incubation medium. The accumulation of PRPP was indicated by the 2.3-fold increase in the rate of uptake of adenine into intact cell nucleotides and by the 7.5-fold enhancement of the rate of de novo purine synthesis. Kinetic studies of HPRT activity in fibroblast lysates revealed reduced affinity of the enzyme for PRPP (apparent K(m) 500 μM in comparison to 25 μM in control lysates), manifested in low activity at low (physiological), but not at high PRPP concentrations. The apparent K(m) for hypoxanthine was normal (23 μM in comparison to 14.2 μM in control lysates). With allopurinol treatment, our patient has had no problems since presentation, and is developing normally at 5 years of age. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease|
|State||Published - 21 Feb 2000|
- Hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase deficiency
- Kelley-Seegmiller syndrome
- Lesch-Nyhan syndrome