KAKO LAHKO POLONIZMI JIDIŠA RAZKRIJEJO IRANSKO, TURKOTATARSKO IN DRUGO AZIJSKO GOVORICO V GALICIJSKI BELI HRVAŠKI (POGLAVJE NA NOVEM PODROČJU 'LINGVISTIKE SVILENE POTI')

Translated title of the contribution: How Yiddish Polonisms may uncover Iranian, Turkic and other Asian speech in the White Croat State in Galicia (A chapter in the new field of »Silk Road Linguistics«)

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Abstract

As traders on the Silk Roads from the 9-13thcenturies, Yiddish speakers acquired about 5,000 Afro-Asian, mainly Persian, linguistic components. In Poland, these Jews, largely of Iranian origin themselves, first settled in or near the Galician White Croat State, which disappeared by the 10thcentury. As unwritten Iranian and Turkic became obsolete, many such influences, also found in Polish Yiddish, came to be replaced by Polonisms, that resembled the original Iranian and Turkic terms in form and meaning. The present paper will explore how many Polonisms in Polish and Ukrainian Yiddish (essentially "covert Irano-Turkisms") can reconstruct aspects of the extinct Iranian and Turkic once spoken in Slavic and German territories. So far, there is no other means available to us to accomplish this task.

Translated title of the contributionHow Yiddish Polonisms may uncover Iranian, Turkic and other Asian speech in the White Croat State in Galicia (A chapter in the new field of »Silk Road Linguistics«)
Original languageSlovenian
Pages (from-to)71-105
Number of pages35
JournalSlavia Centralis
Volume15
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2022

Keywords

  • "Silk Road linguistics"
  • Chinese
  • Iranian
  • Polish Yiddish
  • Turkic
  • old Jewish languages

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