Jasmonates induce nonapoptotic death in high-resistance mutant p53-expressing B-lymphoma cells

Orit Fingrut, Dorit Reischer, Ronit Rotem, Natalia Goldin, Irit Altboum, Israel Zan-Bar, Eliezer Flescher*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


1 Mutations in p53, a tumor suppressor gene, occur in more than half of human cancers. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that jasmonates (novel anticancer agents) can induce death in mutated p53-expressing cells. 2 Two clones of B-lymphoma cells were studied, one expressing wild-type (wt) p53 and the other expressing mutated p53. 3 Jasmonic acid and methyl jasmonate (0.25-3 mM) were each equally cytotoxic to both clones, whereas mutant p53-expressing cells were resistant to treatment with the radiomimetic agent neocarzinostatin and the chemotherapeutic agent bleomycin. 4 Neocarzinostatin and bleomycin induced an elevation in the p53 levels in wt p53-expressing cells, whereas methyl jasmonate did not. 5 Methyl jasmonate induced mostly apoptotic death in the wt p53-expressing cells, while no signs of early apoptosis were detected in mutant p53-expressing cells. In contrast, neocarzinostatin and bleomycin induced death only in wt p53-expressing cells, in an apoptotic mode. 6 Methyl jasmonate induced a rapid depletion of ATP in both clones. 7 In both clones, oligomycin (a mitochondrial ATP synthase inhibitor) did not increase ATP depletion induced by methyl jasmonate, whereas inhibition of glycolysis with 2-deoxyglucose did. 8 High glucose levels protected both clones from methyl jasmonate-induced ATP depletion (and reduced methyl jasmonate-induced cytotoxicity), whereas high levels of pyruvate did not. 9 These results suggest that methyl jasmonate induces ATP depletion mostly by compromising oxidative phosphorylation in the mitochondria. 10 In conclusion, jasmonates can circumvent the resistance of mutant p53-expressing cells towards chemotherapy by inducing a nonapoptotic cell death.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)800-808
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2005


  • 2-deoxyglucose
  • ATP
  • Apoptosis
  • B lymphoma
  • Drug resistance
  • Glucose
  • Jasmonate
  • p53


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