JAGGED1 signaling regulates hemangioma stem cell-to-pericyte/vascular smooth muscle cell differentiation

Elisa Boscolo, Camille L. Stewart, Shoshana Greenberger, June K. Wu, Jennifer T. Durham, Ira M. Herman, John B. Mulliken, Jan Kitajewski, Joyce Bischoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE-: The aim of our study is to determine the cellular and molecular origin for the pericytes in infantile hemangioma (IH) and their functional role in the formation of pathological blood vessels. METHODS AND RESULTS-: Here we show that IH-derived stem cells (HemSCs) form pericyte-like cells. With in vitro studies, we demonstrate that HemSC-to-pericyte differentiation depends on direct contact with endothelial cells. JAGGED1 expressed ectopically in fibroblasts was sufficient to induce HemSCs to acquire a pericyte-like phenotype, indicating a critical role for JAGGED1. In vivo, we blocked pericyte differentiation with recombinant JAGGED1, and we observed reduced formation of blood vessels, with an evident lack of pericytes. Silencing JAGGED1 in the endothelial cells reduced blood vessel formation and resulted in a paucity of pericytes. CONCLUSION-: Our data show that endothelial JAGGED1 controls HemSC-to-pericyte differentiation in a murine model of IH and suggests that pericytes have a fundamental role in formation of blood vessels in IH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2181-2192
Number of pages12
JournalArteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Volume31
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Jagged1
  • angiogenesis
  • infantile hemangioma
  • pericytes
  • vasculogenesis

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