Aims: Cardiac rehabilitation is an essential component of secondary prevention consistently unexploited by most eligible patients. Accordingly, the remote cardiac rehabilitation program (RCRP) was developed to create optimal conditions for remote instruction and supervision for patients to enable successful completion of the program. Methods: This study comprised 306 patients with established coronary heart disease who underwent a 6-month RCRP. RCRP involves regular exercise, monitored by a smartwatch that relays data to the operations center and a mobile application on the patient's smartphone. A stress test was performed immediately before the RCRP and repeated after 3 months. The aims were to determine the effectiveness of the RCRP in improving aerobic capacity, and correlating the program goals and first-month activity, with attaining program goals during the last month. Results: Participants were mostly male (81.5%), aged 58 ± 11, enrolled in the main after a myocardial infarction or coronary interventions. Patients exercised aerobically for 183 min each week, 101 min (55% of total exercise) at the target heart rate. There was a significant improvement in exercise capacity, assessed by stress tests, metabolic equivalents which increased from 9.5 ± 3 to 11.4 ± 7(p < 0.001). Independent predictors of RCRP goals were older age and more minutes of aerobic exercise during the first program month (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Participants succeeded in performing guideline recommendations, resulting in a significant improvement in exercise capacity. Older age and increased volume of first month of exercise were significant factors associated with a greater likelihood to attain program goals.
- Remote cardiac rehabilitation
- mobile application