Israeli national memory is based on the Zionist conception of history, according to which the old Jewish, theological, and diasporic view of the past should be replaced by a new, secular, and modern vision. The Zionist vision divided the history of the Jewish people into three distinct parts: antiquity, when the people acquired sovereignty in the Land of Israel; Diaspora, a somber period when the people were dispersed among the nations, lacking sovereignty; and the modern, Zionist period, when the people returned to the Land of Israel and reestablished their sovereignty. During the first half of the 20th century the emphasis was placed on the first period, whose military heroes became role models for the members of the Zionist community in Palestine. However, after the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, 20th-century heroes, such as the rebels of the Warsaw ghetto and the Israeli soldier, replaced them. The national image of the past was propagated by various agents of memory, the most important of which was the education system, and was manifested in space (monuments and cemeteries) and time (commemorative ceremonies).
|Title of host publication||Cultural History in France|
|Subtitle of host publication||Local Debates, Global Perspectives|
|Publisher||Taylor and Francis|
|Number of pages||11|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 2019|